Computer

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device
Written by Satish Pandey

Today we will learn about input devices in this article. What is an input device? Input device type? What are input devices? What is the definition of input device? You will get complete information about Input Device in this article.

What is an input device?

Input devices are devices by which users send their data or instructions to the computer. Input-device is a hardware and peripheral device used to send data or instructions to a computer.

In other words, the device which is used to give instructions to the computer is called input device. It helps the user to communicate with the computer.

Input device is the device that transmits our instructions to the computer CPU following our given instructions, this we call input-device.

The device by which we give instructions to the computer, that device is called input device. That is, the device through which the computer takes data or information from us is called input-device.

Apart from this you should know that input device is also an electronic device. These devices are part of the computer. Any device from which we give input to the computer. In simple language it is called input device.

Some examples of input devices, which will be easy for you to understand. eg. We give input to the computer through all these input devices like keyboard, mouse, scanner, light pen, micro phone etc. Let us understand the example in detail.

Input device definition

The device by which data or instructions are directed into the computer is called an input device. Define in simple words, data or instructions are inputted into the computer by this device.

The devices through which data or instructions are inputted into the computer by the user are called input devices. This device transmits the information given by the user to the computer.

Input device type?

Mouse

Mouse is a hardware and input device. Through this we give instructions to the computer. With the help of mouse, we can move the arrow icon visible in the computer, which is called cursor or pointer, and can easily click on any button or menu visible on the screen.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device
mouse (input device)

Mouse works only through pointer or cursor in computer, so it is also called as pointer device. It acts as an interface between the computer and the user.
Because the user gives instructions or input to the computer through the mouse. With the mouse it is possible to move to any part of the computer. Through this we can easily go to any part of the computer.

A mouse is a small pointer device used by the user by placing the mouse on a table surface or on the mouse foot. It acts on the screen through a cursor.

>>Some important information about computer and its history

How many types of mouse are there?

There are many types of mouse. Well, there are different types of mouse available in the market. These have been talked about on the basis of different design, look, interface and connectivity.

There are mainly two types of mouse in the market, optical mouse and wireless mouse. Apart from this, there are many types of mouse. Let us know in detail about all types of mouse.

1) optical mouse

The optical mouse uses a light source. It uses optical electronics, including an LED and a light detector, to track the position and movement of the mouse.

The most used in today’s time is the optical mouse. Under this mouse you will see a red light. These have a very small (small low resolution) camera. Which takes 1000 or more pictures every second.
Optical mouse is a modern device that is being used at present. In this, a Light Emitting Diode (LED) is used to detect the distance traveled by the mouse.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device
optical mouse

This mouse is a better and standard look than the mechanical mouse I used earlier. Because they are more reliable than all other types of mouse. And it requires maintenance.

But it depends on the way you are using it and the type of surface. on which they are operated on. You should place it above the touch pad for better experience.

2) Mechanical Mouse

A mechanical mouse is a mouse that uses a metal or rubber ball inside. That’s why it is also called ball mouse.

When this ball moves or moves in any direction, the sensors in it detect this motion. And move the pointer or cursor in the same direction on the computer screen.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device
Mechanical Mouse

In the olden days these icons were the most used. Now optical mouse has replaced them. The first mouse had a wheel, that is, a small metal wheel, which made it difficult to move or move the mouse in every direction. But with the advent of mechanical mouse it became easier.

Mechanical mouse are of corded type i.e. come with wire only. Their performance is high, but they require special cleaning from time to time.

Mechanical mouse is no longer in vogue, it has become obsolete as they have been replaced by optical mouse.

3) Wireless Mouse

A wireless mouse is a mouse that does not have wires of any kind. No wires or cables are used to connect these mouse to the computer.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device
Wireless Mouse

They are also known as cordless mouse. Connecting them to computer for connectivity instead of cable, bluetooth, wifi, infrared etc. is used.
A mouse that does not use any type of wire or cable connection is called a wireless mouse. Wireless technology is used to connect such a mouse to a computer.

To connect it, you’ll need to plug a USB receiver into your computer. These mice run on batteries, and use the same technology used in optical mouse to locate the sensor.

4) Trackball Mouse

Optical mouse technology is also used in this mouse. And its design, look and texture are also similar to optical mouse. The only difference is that a trackball is used to control it.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device
Trackball Mouse


The user moves the trackball with his finger or thumb to give instructions to the computer. This type of mouse has very low speed. And it takes longer to run.

5) Stylus Mouse

Stylus mouse is like a pen, just as we write by pressing the pen in the fingers, similarly this mouse is also operated by pressing between the fingers.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device
Stylus Mouse

A small wheel is also attached to it. which is carried up and down. It is used to move the page up and down.
Stylus Mouse is also called Gstick Mouse. Because it resembles a pen stick, and was invented by Gordon Steward, it is called the gstick, with the “G” standing for Gordon.

keyboard

Keyboard is an input device of computer. A keyboard has many buttons. It is the peripheral of a computer, which is similar to the keyboard of a typewriter. The keyboard is partly similar to a typewriter’s keyboard, so it is defined as the seat of the typewriter-like keys.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device

Keyboards are mainly used in computers for typing, data entry like text, numerical data, symbols, commands and many other types of data.

Input is given to the computer through the keyboard. After which that data is converted into machine language. So that the CPU (Central Processing Unit) can understand that data and information or instructions.

How many types of keyboards are there?

There are many types of keyboards. There are mainly two types of keyboards known to most of the people, computer desktop keyboard and laptop keyboard.

Apart from this, there are many types of keyboards, which most people do not know about. Let us know in detail about all types of keyboards.

laptop keyboard (input device)

The keyboard that comes with in-built laptop is called laptop keyboard. This keyboard is QWERTY version keyboard. Its keyboard is designed according to the size of the laptop.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device


That’s why the layout of a laptop keyboard is slightly different from a normal keyboard. Due to the small size of the laptop, the numeric function keys are removed on the right side of its keyboard.

It has some additional keys like – Power button, Volume up and down button, Brightness up and down button, Play button, Mute button, etc.

multimedia keyboard (input device)

Multimedia, as the name suggests, will have all the features of multimedia. This is one of the most popular keyboard types. And this keyboard is in great demand in the market.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device


This keyboard is similar to a normal keyboard except that it has some additional multimedia features. Such as- play/pause button, volume up/down button, stop button, next button, rewind button etc.

gaming keyboard (input device)

Gaming keyboards are slightly different from normal keyboards and multimedia keyboards. This keyboard has multimedia keys as well as illuminated keys as an added feature.

gaming keyboard

Illuminated keys are used to play the game in the dark of night. Illuminated keys are very useful when keyboard buttons are not visible due to darkness.
In addition, the multimedia keys are used to raise and lower the volume of music or games while playing games, and are useful for changing songs as well. In addition, multimedia keys are useful for many other functions.

membrane keyboard (input device)

Membrane keyboard is a different type of keyboard. Its buttons are intertwined, the keyboard is covered with a transparent plastic cover, and the movement is very slow.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device


The only advantage of this type of keyboard is that it is much cheaper and is covered with a rubber-like membrane, which makes it more or less messy.

And the disadvantage is that it has a very high speed, due to which it is very difficult to type in it.

mechanical keyboard (input device)

In today’s time, the use of mechanical keyboard has reduced a lot. But even today it is used in many places. This keyboard is very durable and long lasting.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device


A sound is produced when the keys of this keyboard are pressed. It has a spring under the keys, and actual physical buttons are used under each key.

The keys on a mechanical keyboard are very soft. This keyboard is very durable and comfortable to use. It is not very expensive in the market, it can be easily bought by any person.

wireless keyboard (input device)

Wireless keyboard, as its name suggests, this type of keyboard does not have wires. That is, this keyboard is used without any cable or wire and is connected to the device via Bluetooth / WiFi.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device


This keyboard is used using radio frequency, bluetooth, wifi or infra red technology. The specialty of this keyboard is that you can use it and type while staying 10 meters away from the computer or laptop.

ergonomic keyboard (input device)

This is a different kind of keyboard. This is a one-of-a-kind keyboard that has been designed keeping the user’s comfort and work in mind.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device


This keyboard gives more ease of use for the users as compared to all other keyboards. This keyboard is designed to relieve pain in the muscles of the hand and wrist while typing.

The ergonomic keyboard enhances the working speed of the users, and at the same time minimizes the problems while typing.

This keyboard is designed in a V shape, which makes it easy for the users to type and they are able to type with both hands. Due to which the typing speed increases a lot.

roll-up keyboard (input device)

Roll-Up Keyboard is the best and best to use on the go. It is made from high elastic polymer, which is a portable keyboard.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device

Roll-up keyboard is also called foldable keyboard. Because it can be folded into the shape of a cylinder and carried anywhere in a box.
This is the best keyboard for people who travel a lot. Use it whenever you want, and after you’re done, fold it up and place in a bug or box.

This keyboard uses very little electricity and is also water proof. This keyboard is nice but not very durable. Because there is a high risk of short circuit due to repeated turns.

virtual keyboard (input device)

Virtual keyboard is not a hardware device, it is a software. We can’t lift this keyboard with our hands. We don’t need to carry it separately, as it is in the form of software inside our device.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device

For example, for typing in a smartphone, there is a keyboard application inside the phone, through which we type in our smartphone.
Apart from this, after typing Window + R in computer or laptop, typing OSK in Run Command and OK opens the Virtual Keyboard.

Scanner (input device)

Scanner is also an input-device. Through a scanner machine any page, document, photo etc., which already contain images, data or information, is scanned and directly inputted into the computer.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device


This process is commonly called photo scanning, document scanning or page scanning. These documents or photographs can also be edited after scanning.

microphone (input device)

Microphone, which we usually use to talk on the phone, or to record voice.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device


h is also an input-device. Whatever the user says, the microphone records it and gives input to the computer or mobile.

light pen (input device)

The Light Pen is also an input-device. It is used to create pictures or graphics on the display of a computer screen.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device


Apart from this, in touch screen computers, it is also used to touch the display. It is also called pointer device.

Barcode Reader – BCR (input device)

Barcode reader is also an input device. It is used to read codes hidden in barcode lines.

What is an input device? Definition and types of input device


Barcodes are black vertical lines with a lot of information hidden inside. Such as – Product Name, Cost, Price, Batch Number, Manufacture Date, Expiry Date, Company Name and Description etc.

Difference between input device and output device?

INPUT DEVICEOUTPUT DEVICE
The devices through which input is given to the computer are called input devices.After giving input, the device from which the user gets the output is called output device.
It receives data from the user and sends it to the processor.It receives the data from the processor after processing and sends it to the user.
It receives data or instructions from the user.It provides data or instructions to the user.
These are hardware devices through which the user inputs data.These are hardware devices through which the user receives data.
Example:- Keyboard, mouse, microphone, scanner, light pen etc.Example:- Monitor, Printer, Projector, Speaker etc.

Read More:-

>>What is an output device? Definition and types of output devices

>> WHAT IS ROM? || HOW DOES ROM WORK? FULL PROCESS

>> What is Computer Software? || Types of Software?

About the author

Satish Pandey

Learn More About Technology with Edu Tech Gyan. We have a team of writers who write informative posts for you all. Keep Reading and Sharing.

Leave a Comment